Leg veins are known in medical terms as varicose or spider veins. They can be very painful sometimes and if they burst, they can get out of hand. In most cases, they appear as enlarge veins that are visible under the skin, while at times they can appear to be bright red, green or blue. Most people get them on their thighs, at the leg calve and sometimes on the face. Pregnant women can experience them around the buttock or vagina. Spider veins are smaller and less severe than varicose veins.
What causes leg veins?
Sometimes the veins underneath the skin get damaged or become weak. When the heart pumps oxygenated blood from the heart, it is pushed back to the heart. This especially results from the leg muscles squeezing and moving the blood against gravity. Your veins have valves to keep blood from going back, but if the valves are damaged then you may end up with leg veins. Some minor spider veins are caused by exposure to the sun, injuries or hormonal changes.
What are the risk factors?
- Varicose medical history.
Some people are born with weak valves. Studies show that most people with varicose have other family members’ medical records with it.
Overweight people are at a higher risk of varicose veins by putting a lot of pressure on their veins hence weakening them.
As you increase your years, your veins weaken and you may have leg veins.
Pregnant women experience a substantial amount of blood increase. This can lead to veins increase in size. The growing womb puts pressure on the enlarged veins and it forms a spider vein. They usually go away after delivery. If they do not, make sure you seek medical advice. Your blood pressure may have a problem.
- Hormonal activity
Some people get varicose veins because of taking birth control pills, or any medicine with progesterone or oestrogen. Others suffer because of puberty, menopause, and pregnancy. Sometimes it may be from staying long hours in the sun.
When to have varicose removal
Most of them are harmless and they go away in time, but sometimes you get severe symptoms that call for leg vein removal. These are:
- If your affected area is bleeding
- Sometimes the blood may clot below the vein and that is dangerous. If your sin feels warm, tender and lumpy see a doctor.
- If your vein has a pulling feeling, you may have deep vein thrombosis. This could be caused by a blood clot.
- Painful ulcers or sores resulting from the pressure of backed up blood.
- spider veins: Wikimedia Commons