The History of Erasers

The first eraser businessman was its inventor, There are three main types of erasers in the market today: the pink eraser, the art eraser and the Japanese eraser.

The history of erasers date back to its discovery by Edward Nairne in 1770. He used raw rubber and began selling the squares in Europe. In 1839 Charles Goodyear created the process that turns raw rubber into a durable material that didn’t degrade or rot. The price went down significantly and they became a common tool in every child’s school desk.

Pink erasers are often found on top of pencils.
Pink erasers are often found on top of pencils.


You remember these guys. The rectangle-shaped, hot pink eraser that could get rid of a whole poster board’s worth of mistakes. You’ll also find this guy on the top of a good old number 2 pencil. He’s not as good at removing the whole pencil mark and can sometimes leave behind smears that just won’t go away. It is made with pumice and can therefore wear through the paper during a vigorous attempt to remove pencil marks, as many students learned the hard way in class. They can also harden over time and loose its effectiveness. It has no nutritional value, so chewing on the end of a pencil should be discouraged.


If you are into pencil sketching or just make a whole lot of mistakes, then you’ll want to use a gum eraser. This type of is made from a very soft gum. You can use it to wipe out a whole sheet of doodles without damaging the paper. It has no abrasives in its composition. It will crumble as it is used so you’ll have a lot of flecks on the sheet that will need to be brushed away. There are specialty art brushes made just for the purpose of removing the residue without smudging the remaining pencil marks on the page. Sometimes, when you use your hand to brush stuff away, the lead will smear or blur, so it’s a good idea to invest in one of these brushes.


The above are traditional tools for school work or art work but there’s a new kid on the block. The Japanese eraser is as much of a collectible toy as it is a functional tool. Made from non-toxic rubber, they are food-shaped and are fun for kids of every age.

The food selection is over-the-top, including everything from squash and tomatoes to ice cream and sushi. Branching out from the food area there are animal, fish, bugs, golf clubs, bowling balls and pins, trucks, cars, trains, office supplies, dental tools and even Japanese doll sets. You’ll also find puzzle sets.

These come apart and fit back together in a certain order to form a puzzle. The craze is taking off. Kids are buying erasers to start a collection. Will there one day be the collectors like those who collect old lunch boxes? Is this the next Beanie Baby craze to hit the Nation? Only time will tell but in the meantime, they are popping up in schools, backpacks, cubicles and toy rooms.

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